The olfactory organ is much more pronounced in dogs than in humans and plays an important role in their everyday life. It helps them find their way around and better assess situations.
In some professions, such as the police, people take advantage of this animal ability by training dogs to use their super noses to track down drugs, explosives, or missing people.
Every dog lover knows the importance and key traits of a healthy canine nose. While it is usually damp and cold, the alarm bells ring for many owners as soon as their dog suddenly has a dry nose.
Often this condition is prematurely interpreted as an indication of an illness. However, a dry nose in dogs can have various causes and does not necessarily mean a health problem. Only when your dog's nose remains dry for several hours or no external trigger can be found should you consult a veterinarian.
Harmless causes of a dry nose in dogs
If you notice a dry nose in your dog, you usually do not have to go straight to the vet. In most cases, there are everyday triggers for this condition that do not pose a health risk to your four-legged friend.
For example, dry dog noses in summer can indicate sunburn or dehydration. While one cause can be remedied with sufficient water intake, sunburn is a more serious health risk. As with humans, sun rays can cause considerable damage to the dog's skin and even lead to skin cancer.
You can recognize sunburn when your dog's skin is peeling and reddened. Animals with a light nose are particularly at risk. Nevertheless, in the summer you should also protect dog breeds with dark snouts from the dangerous UV rays with the help of umbrellas and sunscreen.
There are three different types of sunburn, each of which outperforms each other in terms of health risk. They should all be treated with seriousness and, at best, examined by a doctor. This is especially true if your dog's sunburn is causing visible pain or unusual behavior.
Even in winter there are several sources that can promote a dry nose in dogs. Dry room air, as well as the warmth of a heater or a fireplace, can dry out the mucous membrane of your four-legged friend and thus influence the condition of its nose. There is also the potential for dehydration in winter. Therefore, make sure that the Water bowl of your four-legged friend regularly.
Dogs sweat all over their noses, paws, and tongues. This is how they regulate their temperature balance. For this reason, dry and warm noses often appear after exercise. After a short time and sufficient water supply, however, the usual normal state should return.
When a dry nose in a dog indicates a disease
If you've been able to rule out all of the causes listed above, your dog's dry nose may be a sign of an illness after all. In this case, it is imperative to see a doctor in order to create clarity and determine a treatment method. From this point on, you should follow your doctor's instructions.
It is best to keep your eyes open beforehand for other symptoms such as tiredness, pain or loss of appetite, which could help the vet make a diagnosis.
It is not uncommon for dogs to have a dry nose as a sign of fever. This applies if your four-legged friend has a body temperature of over 40 ° C without having been physically active beforehand.
There is little you can do about the fever on your own. Usually it is only an accompanying symptom of an illness. A doctor should use other symptoms to determine what is causing the fever and recommend other treatments based on this information.
You can only try to support your dog in the best possible way Eat and to encourage drinking and to lower his body temperature with the help of cold compresses.
The nasal secretions can also provide information about your dog's symptoms. In healthy animals, it should be translucent in color. If, on the other hand, the secretion is black, yellow or green or has a strange consistency, the signs point to an infection.